June 19 (Monday) PACE was met with parliament members at Parliamentary Resource Centre, National Democratic Institute (NDI) in Naypyidaw.
At that meeting; PACE was mainly discussed about Citizen-Led Voter List Verification (VLV)
Myanmar’s voter list today; In 2015, for the first time Myanmar had a computer-based national voter list, a significant improvement from previous processes. The list is based on paper records from the Ministry of Immigration and the General Administration Department (GAD), making it hard to keep up to date. There is no systematic public information about the quality of the voter list, which in the past has contributed to suspicions by parties, citizens and the media.
Why conduct an independent verification of the list? Ultimately, it’s about promoting confidence in the list, the UEC, and the electoral process. To provide constructive, evidence-based, specific recommendations on how to ensure the voter list is complete and accurate as an additional example of the UEC’s commitment to the transparency of the election process as a way to build citizen trust. To encourage the participation of citizens in Myanmar’s political processes a hallmark of democracy.
What would a verification be able to measure? Missing information and inconsistencies, such as citizens registered in more than one location or people with no NRC cards. To what extent eligible citizens are present on the voter list. To what extent voters’ information, including their name and place of residence, is reflected correctly on the list.
How would PACE conduct an independent verification of the voter list? A VLV could also provide information as to why certain subsets of the population may be under-registered or have incorrect information on the list, and specific recommendations on how the UEC may address those issues.
People to List
Conduct interviews with a representative sample of the voting age population to collect their information. The voters’ details would then be matched to the voter list. The results would help to determine if there are people who are eligible to vote but are absent from the list.
List to People
Conduct interviews with a representative sample of citizens on the voter list to collect their information. The voters’ details would then be matched to the voter list. The results would help to determine if any of the voter’s information on the list is incorrect, including the voter’s address.
What would PACE need to conduct a VLV? Access to voter list data in a machine-editable analyzable format. For example, as a comma-separated (CSV file) or as a Dbase file (DBF) exported from a database. A PDF or JPEG file is not in an analyzable format. A conducive local environment must be conducive, including an open political environment, reasonable security, physical mobility and access to communities and citizens. Sufficient time for the UEC to address the issues once it receives the results and recommendations from the VLV.